Independence is a day of celebrating the anniversary of national independence. For India independence day is a yearly observance celebrated every year on 15th of August. India’s Independence Day is a day of great impact for the people of India. Independence Day is a great day for Indian people, at this day India got freedom from the British rule after long years of slavery. It has been declared as the National and Gazetted Holiday all across the India in order to independently commemorate the independence of country from British Empire on 15th of August in 1947, Independence Day is a day when people in India pay respect to their leaders and those who fought for India's freedom in the past.
HISTORY OF INDIAN INDEPENDENCE
At 16th century Indian nation was ruled by some European traders and British east company as of their big military strength. There were no unity among south and north Indian emperors.britishers used this opportunity for their convenience, they established their local kingdoms and effective forces all through the India during 18th century. A great independence revolution was started by the people of India against the British rule in 1857. That Indian Rebellion is called as Great Rebellion, the Revolt of 1857, the Indian Mutiny, the Uprising of 1857 and the Sepoy Mutiny. It was started against British East India Company’s army at Bengal Presidency on 10th of May in 1857. Through that Rebellion (Government of India Act 1858), Indian freedom fighters made British Crown realized to free the control over India.
After The Revolt of 1857 various civic societies were come out all over the India. Among that the greatest One was the Indian National Congress Party which formed in the year 1885. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, great national leader led non -cooperation movement, civil disobedience movements those were non violation movements didn’t produce larger change. At 1929 Lahore INC (Indian National Congress) Meeting, Indian strugglers declared Purna Swaraj.
After World War II, in 1947 British government get big loss and less military power it no longer could show its power on the India. Indian freedom fighter were continued fighting and then Britain decided to free India from the rule however Hindu Muslim violence took place after the independence of India (on August 15, 1947) which separated India and Pakistan. Muhammad Ali Jinnah became the first Governor General in Karachi Pakistan.
However, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first prime minister of independent India. An official ceremony was held in the capital of country, Delhi where all the great leaders and freedom fighters (Abul Kalam Azad, B. R. Ambedkar, Master Tara Singh, etc) took part to celebrate freedom. In 15 August 1947 midnight, India was proclaimed as independent country by the Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru where he gave his speech over “Tryst with destiny”. He said during his speech that “Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we will redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very considerably,
After that, all the Assembly members took pledge of being faithful in offering their services to the country. National flag was officially presented to the assembly by a group of Indian women. Finally India became an independent country officially, and Nehru and the viceroy, Lord Mountbatten, became the first prime minister and first governor general respectively,
SYMBOLS AND SIGNIFICANCE
The sport of kite flying symbolizes Independence Day. The skies are dotted with countless kites flown from rooftops and fields to symbolize India's free spirit of India. The Red Fort in Dehli is also an important Independence Day symbol in India as it is where Indian Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru unveiled India's flag on August 15, 1947.
India's national flag is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. The ratio of the flag's width to its length is 2:3. A navy-blue wheel in the center of the white band represents the chakra. Its design is that of the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Its diameter approximates to the white band's width and it has 24 spokes.
India is a country where millions of people living together whether they belong to various religion, cultures or traditions and celebrate this special occasion with great joy. At this day, as being an Indian, we should feel proud and must take a pledge to keep ourselves loyal and patriotic in order to save our motherland from any type of attack or humiliation by other countries.
India’s Independence Day is celebrated all over the country as a National holiday of India. It is observed every year in every Indian states and union territories with great passion. President of India gives a speech every year in order to “Address to the Nation” on the evening of a day before the Independence Day. It is celebrated with big passion in the Capital of country on 15th of August where the prime minister of India hoists the Indian flag on the Red Fort, Delhi. After the flag hoisting, National Anthem song is sung and twenty-one gun shots are fired to salute and honor the Indian flag and solemn occasion.